The Different Styles of Rug-Making: A Comprehensive Guide

The Different Styles of Rug-Making: A Comprehensive Guide

Rugs are one of the most important objects inside a home. These are used in different places in homes from corridors to living rooms, living rooms to bedrooms. Everyone naturally wants to buy the most suitable rugs for them.

It is advisable to know what the rug styles are beforehand. By examining the different options, you can find the ones that are most suitable for you. These range from traditional models to authentic options such as a Tibetan rug. You can evaluate all of them and choose the most suitable ones for you.

Traditional Weaving Techniques: Rug, Soumak, and Aubusson

"Soumak" weaving can be used as a fabric, dowry sack, prayer rug, saddlebag, etc., formed by the continuous wrapping of the pattern yarns on the warp pairs in the same color pattern area. It is a lint-free weaving type used in the weaving of various household items. Weaving Soumak is formed by winding the pattern yarns to the warp pairs continuously within the pattern area of the same color. After the pattern yarns are wrapped in warps in their own area, they sometimes turn from the back to the side or up and continue to be wound in other pattern areas.

The characteristic of this weaving is that the pattern yarns create a bulge on the weaving surface. It varies according to whether the weft is thrown between them. These are divided into:

  1. Straight Soumak Weaving with Weft
  2. Reverse Soumak Weaving with Weft
  3. Herringbone Soumak Weaving with Weft
  4. Cross-Alternative Soumak Weaving with Weft
  5. Soumak Weaving Without Weft"
  6. Herringbone Soumak Weaving Without Weft

Rug, on the other hand, is produced in a lint-free and knot-free structure.

It is made with a two-thread system and it is seen that the patterns are not fluffy. The traditional French Aubusson Rug is finely woven with wool colored with natural root dye. It can be used as a summer rug.

Contemporary Styles: Tibetan, Moroccan, and Shag Rugs

Although Tibetans isolated themselves from the surrounding regions, they were influenced by the cultures of their Asian neighbors, especially China and Turkistan. This interaction is clearly seen in the choice of colors used as well as in terms of patterns. However, the knot technique used in this type of rug separates them sharply from their counterparts and puts them in a different group. Many animal and human figures are seen as patterns. These rugs are especially influenced by Buddhism.

There are also Moroccan rugs. Continuing the art of rug weaving, which is an old Berber tradition, Moroccan women embroider works such as paintings.

The women, who produce the threads of the rug to be woven after strenuous efforts, before they go to the rug loom, where they pour their eye light, first wash the wool clipped from the sheep, dry it with sunlight, and then color it with henna, saffron and some flowers. This process can take weeks. Some women use alum to fix colors.

Shaggy rug is a type of rug with yarns whose pile height varies between 3 and 6 cm. These rugs, whose yarns are longer than other rug types, attract attention with their extra soft texture and fluffy appearance.

Shaggy rug types, which are generally used in modernly furnished houses, add mobility to the decoration with their fleece-like appearance. Since the threads are quite long, it does not stand upright and straight like other rugs. The yarns of the rug lie in different directions, creating a messy and fluffy appearance.

Shaggy rugs provide users with a completely different alternative not only with the length of the ropes but also with the thickness. The very thick yarns cut off the flow of cold air, keeping them warm, especially in winter. You can choose these rugs, which provide a soft feeling when your feet touch, to keep the place warm in cold weather.

The Growing Popularity of Eco-Friendly and Sustainable Rug-Making Practices

Hand-woven rug products come with many advantages. These are produced with natural material, not synthetic material. They are long-lasting rugs. Thus, they don’t wear out easily due to extensive use. Plus if it is damaged, it can be repaired very easily. All rugs produced before factory and machine production were hand-woven and produced with handcrafted knots.

It provides the opportunity to use all these features efficiently in living spaces. You can use it more effectively than factory rugs. Similarly, synthetic dyes are not used during dyeing. Since root dyes are used, its coloring is also natural.

Thus, you don't have to worry about health issues. Many people think that the colors are limited in root dyes. However in reality, there are many different available colors. For this reason, it offers solutions suitable for living spaces and people's wishes. With all these features, it is possible to use them advantageously.

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